A noun is a part of speech that names a person, place, thing, idea, action or quality. All nouns can be classified into two groups of nouns, either common or proper.


Examples of Noun


Naming People


  • It could be a name of any person, for example: – John, Fatima, Singh, Michael, Tom and so on.


Naming Places


  • It could be a name of any place, for example: – America, China, Church, Taj Mahal, Paris and so on.


Naming Things


  • It could be a name of anything, for example: – Car, Hat, Bottle, Table, Chair, Ball and so on.


Naming Animals


  • It could be a name of any animal, for example: – Dog, Rabbit, Elephant, Chicken, Horse and so on.


Naming Feeling/Qualities/Ideas


  • It could be a name of any feeling, quality and idea for example: – Joy, Fear, Beauty, Strength, Anger and so on.


Example Sentences of Noun


  1. I live in Australia.                                          I love to play with my dog.
  2. Jenny is my sister.                                          The name of this monkey is Boo.
  3. Pacific Ocean is very vast.


Types of Nouns


Proper Noun


Names of people or places such as your name, your friend’s name, your parents’ name or the name of your town and country are special naming words. These words are called proper nouns. Special naming words or proper nouns always begin with a capital letter.


Example Sentences of Proper Noun


  1. My name is Mark. 3. Come Tom, let us go for a walk.


  1. Her name is Sofie. 4. I visited the Taj Mahal in India.


  1. My cousin lives in Norway. 6. Hello Jack! Will you play with me?


  1. These bears are from China. 8. Albert Einstein was born in Germany.



Understanding Proper Nouns

The days of the week and the months of the year are proper nouns.


Example Sentences


  1. Every Sunday Mike visits the church.


  1. Christmas comes in the month of December.


  1. My sister was born in March month.


  1. Sam goes for swimming classes every Friday.


The names of buildings, mountains, rivers and seas are also proper nouns.


Example Sentences


  1. River Nile is very long.


  1. I have seen the Great Wall of China.


  1. Last year we visited the Niagara Falls.


  1. Many people have climber the Mount Everest.





Common Noun


Common nouns are naming words that are common to people, places, things and animals etc. Common nouns do not define any particular person, place or thing. They are general names. So, they are not capitalized unless they begin a sentence. For example, boy, girl, doctor, town, city, dog, car and so on.


Example Sentences of Common Noun


  1. Teachers teach in school. 2. Birds live on trees.


  1. I love to read storybooks. 4. Sally’s mother is a doctor.


  1. These chocolates and cakes are so delicious.


Identify and learn about proper nouns and common nouns in the list of sentences below.


  1. Sony produces cameras too.


  1. Alicia and Cathy were playing with a doll.


  1. Sandy is joining school today.


  1. Hens have laid eggs at Todd‘s farm.


  1. The postman Mr. Robert was carrying postcards.


In above examples the words in italic words are proper noun whereas words in bold are common nouns.


Collective Noun


Collective nouns are used to name a group of persons, places, animals or things. A collective noun represents a complete whole. For examples: a library of books, a team of players and a family of four.


Some collective nouns are used to name a group of animals and birds.



  1. 1. A flock of sheep. A herd of cattle. 3. A stud of horses.                 


  1. A gaggle of geese. 5. A litter of cubs. 6.  A flock of birds.


  1. A shoal of fish.



Some collective nouns define a group of people.


  1. 1. A crew of sailors. 5. A troupe of actors.


  1. An army of soldiers. 6. A panel of judges.


  1. A band of musicians. 7. A gang of robbers.


  1. A class of pupils.


There are some collective nouns that stand for a group of things.


  1. A bunch of keys.                                            A galaxy of stars.


  1. A pile of clothes.                                            A pack of cards.


  1. A collection of books.                                                An atlas of maps.


  1. A string of pearls.                                          A bouquet of flowers.


  1. A set of stamps.                                                          A bunch of grapes.


Example Sentences of Collective Noun


  1. My maternal aunt bought me a pair of tennis shoes.


  1. At the playground, you get to observe a colony of ants.


  1. A pile of clothes was kept on the bed.


  1. I need to finish an agenda of tasks before I leave.


  1. There is a network of computers in Joseph’s office.


Material Noun


A material noun refers to a tangible substance or ingredient. Specifically, it is a mass term for a chemical compound that cannot be counted. For example, ‘lead’ is a material noun and refers to the substance since you cannot break down all of its particles.


Example Sentences of Material Noun


  1. I have a cricket bat in my closet. 2. The bat is made of wood from a tree.


  1. My brother has a mobile phone. 4. The phone is made of plastic and metal.


  1. I need some water for the cake. 6. The jug is on the table.


  1. There is also a pen and a diary on it. 8. The pen is out of ink.


  1. Your shirt has a button short. 10. This ring is made of gold and diamond.


Here are some other examples of material nouns:


  • water
  • silver
  • silk
  • sand
  • iron


Abstract Noun

An abstract noun names a quality or an idea. Abstract nouns are nouns that name abstract concepts, or concepts that cannot be experienced with the senses. In contrast, concrete nouns name things that we can know by our senses (mosquito, grass, bacon, etc.) We can think of an abstract noun as being similar to an abstract painting. Both abstract nouns and abstract art represent ideas instead of concrete objects.


Example Sentences of Abstract Noun


Showing Human Qualities or Characteristics


Calm Beauty
Charity Bravery
Courage Brutality
Coldness Brilliance


Showing Emotions/Feelings


  • Anger . Anxiety
  • Clarity . Adoration
  • Delight . Amazement
  • Despair . Apprehension












Incorrect and Correct sentences based on Noun


  • Incorrect The clock has struck five hours.
  • Correct The clock has struck five.


  • Incorrect There is no place in the hall.
  • Correct There is no room in the hall.


  • Incorrect Little thing has been done.
  • Correct Little has been done.


  • Incorrect We have an urgent business.
  • Correct We have an urgent piece of business.


  • Incorrect He came by the 4:30 o’clock train.
  • Correct He came by the 4:30 train.


  • Incorrect He left the place with his belonging goods.
  • Correct He left the place with his goods.


  • Incorrect: She likes to feed the poors.
  • Correct: She likes to feed the poor.


  • Incorrect: He is working for the blinds.
  • Correct: He is working for the blind.


Expressions like the poor, the blind, the deaf etc., are always plural. We don’t have to make their plural forms by adding –s to them.


  • Incorrect: I told this news to my father.
  • Correct: I told this news to my father.


News is a singular uncountable noun. Therefore, it has to be used with a singular determiner.


  • Incorrect: The teacher gave us many advices.
  • Correct: The teacher gave us some advice.


Advice is an uncountable noun. It does not have a plural form. The determiner many is only used with plural countable nouns.


  • Incorrect: I have a five dollars note.
  • Correct: I have a five dollar note.


  • Incorrect: She has bought two dozens apples.
  • Correct: She has bought two dozen apples.


  • Incorrect: I saw many deers in the jungle.
  • Correct: I saw many deer in the jungle.


The nouns sheep and deer have identical singular and plural forms.


  • Incorrect: Bring me some bloating.
  • Correct: Bring me some bloating paper.


  • Incorrect: The boy is in the boarding.
  • Correct: The boy is in the boarding house.


  • Incorrect: Please put your sign here.
  • Correct: Please put your signature here.

Noun phrases

Often a noun phrase is just a noun or a pronoun:


  • Peoplelike to have money.                                         . I am tired.




But noun phrases can also include:


  • determiners:        Thosehouses are very expensive.


  • quantifiers:          I’ve lived in a lot of houses.


  • numbers:            My brother owns two


  • adjectives:          I love oldhouses.   


These parts of the noun phrase are called premodifiers because they go before the noun.

We use premodifiers in this order:


determiners and quantifiers > numbers > adjectives + NOUNS

For example:

Determiners and quantifiers Numbers Adjectives NOUNS
The six children
Our young children
Six young children
These six young children
Some young children
All those six young children
Their many young children



Other parts of a noun phrase go after the noun. These are called postmodifiers.

Postmodifiers can be:

·          . prepositional phrases:

a man with a gun
the boy in the blue shirt
the house on the corner

·          . –ing phrases :

the man standing over there
the boy talking to Angela

·          . relative clauses :

the man we met yesterday
the house that Jack built
the woman who discovered radium
an eight-year-old boy who attempted to rob a sweet shop

·         . that clauses. These are very common after nouns like ideafactbeliefsuggestion:

He’s still very fit, in spite of the fact that he’s over eighty.
She got the idea that people didn’t like her.
There was a suggestion that the children should be sent home.


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