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Active and Passive Voice

Transitive verbs have both active and passive forms:

active passive
The hunter killed the lion.>>The lion was killed by the hunter.
Someone has cleaned the windows>>The windows have been cleaned

The passive forms are made up of the verb be with a past participle:

 bepast participle 
Englishisspokenall over the world
The windowshave beencleaned 
Lunchwas beingserved 
The workwill befinishedsoon
Theymight have beeninvitedto the party

We sometimes use the verb get to form the passive:

Be careful with the glass. It might get broken.
Peter got hurt in a crash.

If we want to show the person or thing doing the action we use by:

She was attacked by a dangerous dog.
The money was stolen by her husband.

We can use the indirect object as the subject of a passive verb:

 

active passive
I gave him a book for his birthday>>He was given a book for his birthday.
Someone sent her a cheque for a thousand euros>>She was sent a cheque for a thousand euros.

We can use phrasal verbs in the passive:

 

active passive
They called off the meeting.>>The meeting was called off.
His grandmother looked after him.>>He was looked after by his grandmother.
They will send him away to school.>>He will be sent away to school.

Some verbs very frequently used in the passive are followed by the to-infinitive:

 

be supposed tobe expected tobe asked to
be scheduled tobe allowed tobe told to

John has been asked to make a speech at the meeting.
You are supposed to wear a uniform.
The meeting is scheduled to start at seven.

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